INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)-
CONSULTANCY EVALUATION OF RT.1453 DFID-FGN IOM PROJECT

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)
CONSULTANCY EVALUATION OF RT.1453 DFID-FGN IOM PROJECT

PROJECT BACKGROUND
The International Organization for Migration (IOM), the UN Migration Agency, began operations in
Nigeria in 2001 with the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) Programme, one of the
organization’s global initiatives, which helps stranded migrants who wish to voluntarily return home
safely and supports the most vulnerable to get back on their feet. In 2002, IOM signed a cooperation
agreement with the government of Nigeria and launched the country mission. Ever since then, IOM has
continued to assist stranded migrants in host countries to return voluntarily to their home countries
through the AVRR programs. In 2017, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the
Government of Nigeria provided assisted voluntary return and reintegration support to more than 6,900
Nigerian migrants stranded along the Central Mediterranean route. Due to the scale of the problem, the
Government of Nigeria returned an additional 2,140 Nigerians since January 2018 back from Libya
through chartered flights. The institutional and strategic framework needed to respond to the needs of
returning Nigerian irregular migrants is still at its early stages and no mechanisms were put in place to
support this caseload with immediate post-arrival or reintegration assistance. Furthermore, while some
reintegration efforts are undertaken locally, most initiatives do not have the required resources or
capacity to respond to the needs. This poses a significant risk to the sustainability of return as individuals may opt for re-migration or other negative coming mechanisms in order not to burden their families or communities.

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